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全自動(dòng)拔道釘的成功演示:鐵路養護的里程碑

發(fā)布時(shí)間:2024-05-29 文章來(lái)源:Harsco Rail Global Website 翻譯:Skye Dou

Successful Demonstration of Fully Autonomous Spike Pulling:
A Milestone in Railroad Maintenance
全自動(dòng)拔道釘的成功演示:鐵路養護的里程碑
 

In a groundbreaking achievement for the railroad maintenance industry, our team successfully demonstrated a fully autonomous spike-pulling operation during two weeks of rigorous field validation. This milestone was accomplished through the integration of advanced artificial intelligence and cutting-edge control systems, specifically IRIS (Harsco AI solution) and Jupiter II (Flagship control system).

在為期兩周的嚴格現場(chǎng)驗證中,我們的團隊成功演示了完全自主的拔道釘操作,這是鐵路養護行業(yè)的開(kāi)創(chuàng )性成就。這一里程碑是通過(guò)集成先進(jìn)的人工智能和尖端的控制系統,特別是IRIS (Harsco AI解決方案)Jupiter II(核心控制系統)來(lái)實(shí)現的。

 

Overview of the Project

項目概述

The primary objective of this project was to develop and validate an autonomous system capable of detecting, locating, and pulling spikes from the railroad tracks using a BNSF Nordco Spike Puller. Traditional spike pulling is a labor-intensive process, often requiring significant manual effort and posing safety risks to the workers. Our autonomous solution aims to revolutionize this process by enhancing efficiency, safety, and accuracy.

該項目的主要目標是開(kāi)發(fā)和驗證一個(gè)自主系統,該系統能夠使用BNSF Nordco 拔道釘機檢測、定位并從鐵路軌道上拔出道釘。傳統的拔道釘是一個(gè)勞動(dòng)密集型的過(guò)程,通常需要大量的人工勞動(dòng),并給工人帶來(lái)安全風(fēng)險。我們的自主解決方案旨在通過(guò)提高效率、安全性和準確性來(lái)徹底改變這一過(guò)程。

 

Key Technologies

關(guān)鍵技術(shù)

IRIS (Harsco AI Solution): At the heart of the autonomous system is IRIS, an AI-powered solution designed to detect and locate spikes with precision. Utilizing advanced image recognition and machine learning algorithms, IRIS can analyze the track environment in real-time, identifying the exact position of each spike. This system ensures that the machine operates with a high level of accuracy, reducing the chances of missed or incorrectly pulled spikes.

Jupiter II (Flagship Control System): Working along side IRIS is the Jupiter II control system, which serves as the central command for the autonomous spike-pulling operation. Jupiter II coordinates the machine's movements, ensuring that the spike-pulling process is executed seamlessly. The control system is equipped with robust safety features and real-time monitoring to safeguard both the equipment and the surrounding environment.

IRIS(哈斯科人工智能解決方案): 自主系統的核心是 IRIS,這是一種人工智能解決方案,旨在精確檢測和定位尖峰。利用先進(jìn)的圖像識別和機器學(xué)習算法,IRIS 可以實(shí)時(shí)分析軌道環(huán)境,識別每個(gè)道釘的準確位置。該系統可確保機器以高精度運行,減少漏拔或錯拔道釘的幾率。

Jupiter II(核心控制系統): IRIS 一起工作的還有 Jupiter II 控制系統,它是自主拔道釘作業(yè)的中央指揮系統。Jupiter II 可協(xié)調機器的運動(dòng),確保無(wú)縫執行拔道釘過(guò)程??刂葡到y配備了強大的安全功能和實(shí)時(shí)監控功能,以保護設備和周?chē)h(huán)境的安全。

 

Field Validation

現場(chǎng)驗證

The two-week field validation was conducted with a dedicated rail team, tasked with overseeing the operation and providing feedback on the system's performance. During this period, the autonomous spike-pulling machine operated continuously, demonstrating its capability to function effectively in various track conditions. Key highlights from the field validation include:

High Accuracy and Efficiency: The machine successfully detected and pulled spikes with an accuracy rate of over 80%. This high level of precision significantly reduces the need for manual intervention, allowing the crew to focus on other critical maintenance tasks.

Operational Reliability & Edge cases: The machine demonstrated consistent performance throughout the validation period for known track conditions, operating without major downtime or technical issues. We come across few edge cases such as different types of tie plates, spikes, uncleared track, and frequent changes in track features.  Our team has collected / recorded data for future improvements.

為期兩周的現場(chǎng)驗證由一個(gè)專(zhuān)門(mén)的鐵路團隊進(jìn)行,其任務(wù)是監督操作并提供系統性能反饋。在此期間,自動(dòng)拔道釘機連續運行,展示了其在各種軌道條件下有效運行的能力?,F場(chǎng)驗證的主要亮點(diǎn)包括:

高精確度和高效率: 機器成功檢測并拔出道釘的準確率超過(guò) 80%。這種高精確度大大減少了人工干預的需要,使工作人員能夠專(zhuān)注于其他關(guān)鍵的養護任務(wù)。

運行可靠性和邊緣案例: 在已知軌道條件下,機器在整個(gè)驗證期間表現出穩定的性能,沒(méi)有出現重大停機或技術(shù)問(wèn)題。我們遇到了一些邊緣情況,如不同類(lèi)型的綁扎板、道釘、未清理的軌道以及軌道特征的頻繁變化。 我們的團隊已經(jīng)收集/記錄了相關(guān)數據,以便今后改進(jìn)。

 

Team Effort and Collaboration

團隊努力與協(xié)作

The success of this project is a testament to the dedication and expertise of our team. The team of individuals from Sales, Product Management, Engineers, AI specialists, and Field technicians worked tirelessly to design, develop, and test the autonomous spike-pulling system. Collaboration was key, with each member contributing their unique skills and knowledge to overcome challenges and optimize the system's performance.

這個(gè)項目的成功證明了我們團隊的奉獻精神和專(zhuān)業(yè)知識。由銷(xiāo)售、產(chǎn)品管理、工程師、人工智能專(zhuān)家和現場(chǎng)技術(shù)人員組成的團隊孜孜不倦地設計、開(kāi)發(fā)和測試自主拔道釘系統。協(xié)作是關(guān)鍵,每位成員都貢獻出自己獨特的技能和知識,以克服挑戰并優(yōu)化系統性能。

 

Future Implications

對未來(lái)的影響

The successful demonstration of fully autonomous spike pulling marks a significant advancement in railroad maintenance technology. As we move forward, there are several potential implications and opportunities. 

Wider Adoption: With proven field validation, there is potential for widespread adoption of autonomous spike-pulling machines across the railroad industry. This could lead to more efficient and safer maintenance practices on a larger scale.

Continuous Improvement: Feedback from the field validation will be invaluable in refining and enhancing the system. Ongoing development efforts will focus on further improving accuracy, efficiency, and adaptability to different track conditions.

Expansion of Autonomous Solutions: The success of this project opens the door for the development of other autonomous solutions for railroad maintenance tasks. By leveraging AI and advanced control systems, we can continue to innovate and improve various aspects of track maintenance.

完全自主拔道釘技術(shù)的成功展示標志著(zhù)鐵路養護技術(shù)的重大進(jìn)步。在我們前進(jìn)的道路上,有幾個(gè)潛在的影響和機遇:

更廣泛的應用: 經(jīng)過(guò)現場(chǎng)驗證,自主拔道釘機有可能在整個(gè)鐵路行業(yè)得到廣泛采用。這將在更大范圍內帶來(lái)更高效、更安全的養護實(shí)踐。

持續改進(jìn): 現場(chǎng)驗證的反饋意見(jiàn)對于完善和改進(jìn)系統非常寶貴。正在進(jìn)行的開(kāi)發(fā)工作將側重于進(jìn)一步提高準確性、效率和對不同軌道條件的適應性。

擴展自主解決方案: 該項目的成功為開(kāi)發(fā)其他鐵路養護任務(wù)的自主解決方案打開(kāi)了大門(mén)。通過(guò)利用人工智能和先進(jìn)的控制系統,我們可以繼續創(chuàng )新和改進(jìn)軌道養護的各個(gè)方面。

 

Conclusion

結論

The completion of the two-week field validation for our fully autonomous spike-pulling system is a remarkable achievement, highlighting the potential of AI and automation in transforming railroad maintenance. Our team's dedication and collaborative efforts have paved the way for safer, more efficient, and more reliable track maintenance practices. As we look to the future, we remain committed to pushing the boundaries of technology and driving innovation in the industry.

我們的全自動(dòng)拔道釘系統完成了為期兩周的現場(chǎng)驗證,這是一項了不起的成就,突顯了人工智能和自動(dòng)化在改變鐵路養護方面的潛力。我們團隊的奉獻精神和協(xié)作努力為更安全、更高效、更可靠的軌道養護實(shí)踐鋪平了道路。展望未來(lái),我們將繼續致力于突破技術(shù)界限,推動(dòng)行業(yè)創(chuàng )新。


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